Muby Chemicals of Mubychem Group, established in 1976, is the original manufacturers of Specialty Chemicals, Pharmaceutical Excipient, Fragrance & Flavor chemicals, Shale Gas Fracturing Chemicals in India. Mubychem Group has several manufacturing facilities spread across Western India and world wide contacts and toll manufacturers. We are exporting globally to countries like USA, Canada, Europe, UAE, South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya, Egypt, Nigeria, Cameroon, Uganda, Turkey, Mexico, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Dubai, Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia, China, Germany, France, Italy, Portugal etc. The products are offered as per required specifications and in correct shape and size in mm or meshs or microns as specified by the buyer.
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Clay Stabilizer Manufacturers

For MSDS Sheet Click
MSDS Sheet of Clay Stabilizer Manufacturers

Spanish Estabilizador de arcilla

Clay Stabilizer
Fracturing Chemical
Clay Stabilizer

In the USA, UAE, Iran Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and other oil producing areas, several hundred chemical compounds are used in hydraulic fracturing also called fracking, fracing or frac. In some areas like UK only 'Non-Hazardous' chemicals are permitted for fracturing fluids by the Environment Agency. All chemicals have to be declared publicly and increasingly, food additive based chemicals are available to allow fracking to take place safely.

Mubychem is an internationally preferred source for Stimulation Chemicals and Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals. We serve various oil and shale gas producing countries like USA UAE, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, UK, Europe India etc. We are never too far from your well-site with multiple 24/7 company owned or rented warehouses in the India, USA and across the globe. With customers in several countries, we sell almost all the fracturing chemicals.

Two mechanisms are responsible for the swelling and migration of clays, surface hydration and osmotic swelling.

Surface Hydration show little visible signs of swelling, however the pressure greater than 60,000 psi is required to desorb surface hydration moisture.

Swelling and softening of clays due to Osmotic differences is a bigger problem.  This occurs when concentration of Ions (like Na+, Ca++, Cl-, etc) in the clay at the wellbore walls is higher than that of the drilling fluid. Due to this difference in ion concentrations (aka osmotic pressure), water moves toward the clay surface causing swelling. The amount of swelling depends up on the concentration of salts in the clay relative to the salts in the fluid.

Hence the objective is to keep a sufficiently high ion concentration in the fluid to prevent swelling.

Clay Stabilizers work on the principle of Cation Ion Exchange, similar to water softeners resins.  Water softeners can be regenerated using Salt, KCl, and many other cations.  Similarly, Clay’s can be stabilized using a variety of cations.

Using sacks of KCl is a difficult approach, especially with the increased fluid volumes used in fracturing.  Handling, mixing and disposal costs related to sacks of KCl are prohibitive.  Herein, we will discuss a few potential Clay Stabilizers, compare their performance and economics.

Several options are available as KCl replacements or Clay Stabilizers:

1. TMAC 50% (Tetramethylammonium Chloride 50%): This cheap and easy to apply quat gives a lower performance than that of 2% KCl.  However, TMAC is toxic. Hence its use is dwindling

2. Choline Chloride 75%: Also know as (2-hydroxyethyl) trimethylammonium chloride is very similar in structure to TMAC.  It costs slightly more than TMAC, and its performance better than that TMAC but lower than that of 2% KCl. Its used in feed additives and vitamin pills, is safe & biodegradable. This is becoming the product of choice in the industry due to its safety features.

3. Choline Chloride 50%: Used in preference to Choline Chloride 75% due to easier handling.  On a per unit of Choline the 50% is marginally more expensive; but the added expense is more than recovered in the better handling and dosing performance.

4. Clay Ste Adv™ is a blend of Choline Chloride, Cations and Conditioners. It is cheaper than all of the above, and performs similar to neat Choline Chloride 75% due to presence of various additional ions. The Tetramethylammonium and (2-hydroxyethyl) trimethylammonium are relatively large ions.  Also, both these are monovalent. Clay Ste Adv™ contains other smaller sized monovalent, divalent and trivalent ions which help in a faster ion exchange and the conditioners help in preparing the surface of the clay for a better interaction with the cations present.

Comparison of CST Times for various Clay Stabilizers*

Product CST Filtration Time secs
Clay Ste ADV™ - 2 gpt 220
2%KCl 205
50% Choline Chloride - 2 gpt 307
50% Choline Chloride - 2.8 gpt 219
75% Choline Chloride - 2 gpt 220
TMAC - 2 gpt 297
DI Water 535

* Test Method: Solutions of the Clay Stabilizers were prepared in 100 ml DI Water and 10 grams of API Bentonite was added to it. These were mixed in a Waring Blender @ 7 speed for 5 minutes. Using a CST instrument, the time required for each solution to travel a fixed distance along a Whatman No. 17 chromatography filter paper was determined.

Clay Stabilizer STE Adv is extensively used in frac jobs or oil well drilling, fracturing or fracking.

Clay Ste Adv™ is a liquid product designed specifically for use as a replacement for solid potassium chloride (KCl).  Clay Ste Adv™ is biodegradable.

Compatibility with brine, calcium chloride, KCl solutions as well as all known fracturing fluids, cross-linkers and breakers.

Manufacturers:

MUBY CHEMICALS
S-8, SARIFA MANSION, 2ND FLANK ROAD, CHINCHBUNDER, MUMBAI 400009, INDIA
TEL: (OFFICE) 91-22-23770100, 23726950
Current Date Time in India GMT+5:30

e-mail: info@mubychem.com

USA & Canadian Customers may
e-mail: usa@mubychem.com
Call toll-free 1-844-682-9243 (1-844-MUBYCHEM)

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Copyright and Usual Disclaimer is Applicable.
Last : 22 March, 2017

Shale Gas Hydraulic Fracturing Chemicals
Acetic Acid Solution Ammonium Persulfate or Persulphate
Acid Viscosifier Acid Emulsifier
ATMP Phosphonate, Amino tris (methylene phosphonic acid) Ammonium Bifluoride
Barium Sulfate Remover BHMT or BHMTPMPA Biocide Solution
Boron & Zirconium based Guar Cross Linker BME Iron Reducer or Dissolver
Calcium Chloride Anhydrous & Solution Cement Defoamer
Citric Acid Solution Clay Stabilizer
Corrosion Inhibitors DETA Phosphonate or DTPMP Phosphonate
Didecyl Dimethyl Ammonium Chloride Solution Diverting Agent
Encapsulated Citric Acid Encapsulated Gel Breaker
Fe46 Liquid Iron Control Blend Friction Reducer
Flow Back Aid, Water Recovery Surfactant Foam or Finofoam 810
Foam 418 Heavy Crude Defoamer Gel Sweep
Glycerin Solution Glutaraldehyde Solution
HP HT Lube Hydroxy ethylidene diphosphonic acid, HEDP phosphonate
Hydrogen Sulfide Scavenger Potassium Chloride
KI (Stabilised) & Initiator KCl Substitute or Potassium Chloride Substitute
Non Emulsifier Paraffin Dispersant
Potassium Hydroxy Ethylidene,1-Diphosphonic Acid, HEDP-Kx Phthalic Acid, EDTA, BPA based Diverting Agents
Scale Inhibitor Chemicals Sodium Chlorite Solution
Sodium Glutaraldehyde Bisulfite Bisulphite

Extended Release Solids - Scale Paraffin Asphaltene Inhibitor

Tetrakis Hydroxymethyl Phosphonium Sulfate THPS Xanthan Gum Slurry
Zinc Chloride  

Exporter & Importer Exporters & Improters By Air Exports Clay Stabilizer Manufacturers

Exporters to USA Canada UAE Europe South Africa Tanzania Kenya Uganda Egypt Nigeria Turkey Mexico Brazil Argentina Chile Dubai etc.

Global or International Suppliers, Exporters, Importers, Manufacturers

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Clay Stabilizer SDS MSDS Sheet, Material Safety Data Sheet

1. Product Identification

Synonyms: Clay Stabilizer, Clay Sté 75
CAS No.: Mixture
Molecular Weight:  It is a mixture
Chemical Formula: NA
Intended Use: Oil well fracturing and Industrial use.
Supplier: As per letterhead.

2. Hazards Identification

GHS, Globally Harmonized System Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910
Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008

Acute toxicity, Oral Category 5
Skin irritation Category 2
Eye irritation Category 2A
Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Respiratory system Category 3

Labeling according GHS USA & Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008

GHS Label Elements
Irritant
Irritant

Signal Words: Warning

Hazard statements:
H303: May be harmful if swallowed.
H315: Causes skin irritation.
H319: Causes serious eye irritation.
H335: May cause respiratory irritation.

Precautionary statements:
P262: Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P264: Wash skin thoroughly after handling.
P 270: Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P280: Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P330: Rinse mouth.
P301+312: IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P302+P352: IF ON SKIN: Wash with soap and water.
P304+P340: IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305+351+338: IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing.
P332+313: If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P337+P313: If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/ attention.
P360: Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P362: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P501: Dispose of contents/container to authorised agents.

Classification according to EU Directives 67/548/EEC or 1999/45/EC:
Symbols: Xi
R Phrases: R36 Irritating to eyes.
S Phrases: S26 In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.

OSHA Hazards: None
HMIS (Perceived)
: Health hazard: 1, Flammability: 1, Physical hazards: 0
NFPA (Perceived): Health hazard: 1, Fire: 1, Reactivity Hazard: 0

3. Composition/Information on Ingredients

None of the components of this product are hazardous.
Ingredient: : Blend of Choline Chloride and Monovalent, Divalent and TriValent Salts.
Composition/specific chemical identities are withheld as a trade secret under the provisions of OSHA hazard communication standard 29 CFR 1910.1200

4. First Aid Measures

Always seek medical attention after first aid measures are provided.

Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical attention.
Ingestion: Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical attention.
Skin Contact: Wipe off excess material from skin then immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical attention. Wash clothing before reuse. Thoroughly clean shoes before reuse.
Eye Contact: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, lifting lower and upper eyelids occasionally. Get medical attention immediately.
Note to Physician: Symptomatic and supportive treatment is recommended.

5. Fire Fighting Measures

Auto-Ignition Temperature: NA.
Flash Points: NA.
Flammable Limits: NA.
Products of Combustion: Not available.
Explosion: Not considered to be an explosion hazard.
Fire Extinguishing Media: CO2, foam, dry chemicals. NOT RECOMMENDED: Do not use direct water jet on burning material.
Special Information: In the event of a fire, wear full protective clothing and NIOSH-approved self-contained breathing apparatus with full face piece operated in the pressure demand or other positive pressure mode. Containers can build up pressure if exposed to heat (fire). As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus pressure-demand (MSHA/NIOSH approved or equivalent) and full protective gear. Apply alcohol-type foam or all purpose foam manufacturers recommended techniques for large fires. Use carbon dioxide or dry chemical for small fires. Use water spray to keep containers cool.

6. Accidental Release Measures

Small Spill: Avoid breathing mist. Ensure adequate ventilation. Use appropriate tools to put the spilled material in a convenient waste disposal container. Dispose of according to local and regional authority requirements.
Large Spill: Contain spilled material. Cover with an inert, non-combustible, inorganic absorbent material, or sweep up, and remove to an approved disposal container. Do not let the product enter drains. Use a shovel to put the material into a convenient waste disposal container.

7. Handling and Storage

Do not breathe mist. Wear suitable protective clothing. In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment. Do not drink, eat or smoke while handling. Respect good personal hygiene.
Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of mist and aerosols. Wash hands thoroughly after handling. Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation. If you feel unwell, seek medical attention.
Keep in a tightly closed container, stored in a cool, dry, ventilated area. Protect against physical damage. Keep away from ignition sources and naked flame.

8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Airborne Exposure Limits: None established.
Ventilation System: A system of local and/or general exhaust is recommended to keep employee exposures as low as possible. Local exhaust ventilation is generally preferred because it can control the emissions of the contaminant at its source, preventing dispersion of it into the general work area.
Personal Respirators (NIOSH Approved): For conditions of use where exposure to dust or mist is apparent and engineering controls are not feasible, a particulate respirator may be worn. For emergencies or instances where the exposure levels are not known, use a full-face positive-pressure, air-supplied respirator.
Skin Protection: Wear protective gloves and clean body-covering clothing.
Eye Protection: Use chemical safety goggles and/or full face shield where dusting or splashing of solutions is possible. Maintain eye wash fountain and quick-drench facilities in work area.
Other Control Measures: Maintain good housekeeping in work area. Dust deposits on floors and other surfaces may pick up moisture and cause the surfaces to become slippery and present safety hazards. Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands after handling.

9. Physical and Chemical Properties

Appearance: Clay Stabilizer is colorless to yellow.
Odor: Characteristic.
Solubility: It is soluble in water.
pH: 5.0 - 9 at 10% solution at 25C (77F)
Density: 1.05 to 1.1 g/cm3
% Volatiles by volume @ 21C (70F): 0
Boiling Point: > 212F
Melting Point: <50F.
Vapor Density (Air=1): No information found.
Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): No information found.
Evaporation Rate (BuAc=1): No information found.

10. Stability and Reactivity

Stability: It is stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage. Avoid contact with strong acids, alkali or oxidizing agents..
Hazardous Decomposition Products: It emits toxic fumes and carbon monoxide when heated to decomposition. It may form carbon dioxide and hydrogen chloride at elevated temperatures.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
Incompatibilities: Avoid contact with strong acids, alkali or oxidizing agents..
Conditions to Avoid: Incompatibles.

11. Toxicological Information

Routes of Entry: Inhalation. Ingestion.
Toxicity to Animals: LD50: Not available. LC50: Not available.
Special Remarks on Toxicity to Animals: Not available.
Carcinogenic Effects: Not available.
Mutagenic Effects: Not available.
Teratogenic Effects: Not available.
Developmental Toxicity: Not available.

12. Ecological Information

Environmental Fate: Based on available information the product will not bio accumulate.
Environmental Toxicity: The material is not considered as environmental hazard.

13. Disposal Considerations

Whatever cannot be saved for recovery or recycling should be managed in an appropriate and approved waste disposal facility. Processing, use or contamination of this product may change the waste management options. State and local disposal regulations may differ from federal disposal regulations. Dispose of container and unused contents in accordance with federal, state and local requirements. Small amounts of this material may be suitable for sanitary sewer or trash disposal.

14. Transport Information

DOT: Not regulated as dangerous goods.
ADR/RID: Not dangerous goods
IMDG: Not dangerous goods
IATA: Not dangerous goods

15. Regulatory Information

USA:
OSHA Hazards
: None
SARA 313 Components
: This material does not contain any chemical components with known CAS numbers that exceed the threshold reporting levels.

Section 16 - Additional Information

European/International Regulations European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives:
H303 = May be harmful if swallowed.
H315 = Causes skin irritation.
H319 = Causes serious eye irritation.
H335 = May cause respiratory irritation.
Xi = Irritant
R36 = Irritating to eyes.

DISCLAIMER: The information and recommendations set forth herein (hereinafter "Information") are presented in good faith and believed correct as of the date hereof. It is compiled from various sources and it is not necessarily all inclusive nor fully adequate in every circumstance. In addition, these suggestions should not be confused with nor followed in violation of applicable laws, regulations, rules or insurance requirements applicable. This MSDS sheet is intended only as a guide to the appropriate precautionary handling of the material by a properly trained person using this product. Individuals receiving the information must exercise their independent judgment in determining its appropriateness for a particular purpose.